THE FUTURE OF AFRICA
Site Summary NEW -DEVELOPMENT PAGE
Africa page | Business page
PC Donation Project | Transparency in Africa
Environment and Poverty
The Rise Of IT in the Modern World
The Importance of Logistics in Africa
Infrastructure in Africa
The African Mentality: behaviour and usefulness

NEWS AND ISSUES

ALLAFRICA.COM NEWS
France24
France24 Observers
-eyewitness news as it happens
Reuters
MSNBC.com
CNN
(left) East Africa In Focus; up to date news for the East African Community: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi

BBC World Service, Africa

DESPAIR, EDUCATIONAL LEVELS AND ALIENATION SHOW DESPITE WEALTH
WHEN A PEOPLE LOSES ITS VISION, THIS IS THE RESULT


August 2011

(right) Mindless thugs of various races exploit alleged police injustice by repeating the same without reason or consequence in England, 6-10/8/11

WHEN WILL THE AID GRAVY TRAIN END ?



August  2011

(right) Newspaper letters commentary displays obvious charity fatigue, the despair of disappeared and misspent aid mirroring the need to address the fundamentals of the causes of poverty



June 2011

(right) Devastating famine in the Horn of Africa once again illustrates the instability, simplicity and alienation which characterises the region and makes further strife inevitable
SEE BBC REPORT AND SUMMARY

SEE AFRICA PAGE
SEE DEVELOPMENT PAGE 
 

Concepts in the News


AFRICA FINDS ITS ROOTS, ASSERTS ITS POTENTIAL TO THE WORLD
See Africa page,
Business page
for how technology and investment are linking and empowering us all





From Reuters
CHANGING AFRICA
(right) PAUL KAGAME (Rwanda) named global top business reformer, has to address transparency, authoritarian image issues
SEE 'ALIENATION VS. POTENTIAL' BELOW

May 13 2011
Lunch With The FT -Paul Kagame and landslide election, genocide legacy, international friends, religion and the new self-reliance

Rwanda, Ethiopia, Angola amongst fastest-growing global economies;
India, Brazil invest due to hunger for resources
SEE BUSINESS PAGE HEADLINES

Concise economics of the continent
-'Africa has 60% of the world's uncultivated agricultural land'
SEE AGRICULTURE SECTION ON AFRICA PAGE FOR OVERVIEW
SEE AGRICULTURE SECTION ON DEVELOPMENT PAGE FOR ANALYSIS

Consumer market in Africa shows empowerment potential as with China

AIDS wields its hand in sub-Saharan Africa, but infection rates continue to fall


DEVELOPMENT = CHANGE

See Business page, Development page
for how countries change in order to link and progress

See Africa page,
Corruption section for how government and technology address and manage instability


The Pain Of Development -African People Fight For Their Values;
The Battle Spreads


WALL STREET BEHIND MANIPULATION OF OIL/FOOD PRICES
-MSNBC.com report illustrates trend since 2008 global recession, causing instability and regime change throughout the Middle East (Youtube video link, courtesy of DavidIcke.com)

LIBYA
(right) '200 dead so far' (msnbc.com)
(March 2011 -number revised to around 3000)


(below) African leaders have a long history of collusion for profit (Foreign Policy magazine)



Syria
Cabinet resigns (BBC)
Algeria
Rallies thwarted by police (BBC)
Yemen
Protesters rally for reform, wanting democratic changes, stability (CNN)

Ivory Coast
Latest fighting (BBC)
Laurent Gbagbo orders bank branch seizures (BBC)
Tunisia
Ben Ali faces arrest warrant (BBC)


MUBARAK FORCED OUT

Egypt
Mubarak's torture regime
Mubarak's corruption- theft, properties, torture
(Al-Jazeerah opinion)

ElBaradei returns to Cairo amid unrest (BBC)

Riots spread through and via the Internet -Facebook, Twitter


Why now? BBC blog explains 20 core reasons for global trends in people power fighting back

Reaction to Injustice Spreads -Awareness Adds Value to People in Society in MENA Region
Violence shows itself as the compounded lack of recognition of empowerment potential,
but at the same time spurs natives to further ownership of their own lands.

-Legitimate capitalism promotes the expression of added value, maintaining purpose and stability for its citizens.



July 2011
UN welcomes the world's newest country

South Sudan
(right) US Sudanese ready to return to help their new country (BBC)(with video)

Africa's newest country open for business
(CNN)(with video)


America Starting To Lose Its Way?


Is America No Longer
no.1?
(Slate.com)

The Mauritius Miracle
-economics, health care, governmental vision
-can teach even the US powerhouse how to manage a country for the direct benefit of its citizens (Time US)

What do the headlines below have in common?


February 2011
NOKIA MAKES THE BIG CHANGE, ALLIES WITH MICROSOFT
BBC story (with video)
Nokia press releases/video/opinions


(right) Technology gets smaller -mobile devices all the rage, Android and Nvidia spearheading the revolution for phones and tablets

October 2010
(right) World's most expensive house, Antilia, Mumbai
-billionaire Mukesh Ambani  builds in his own neighbourhood, uses local styles and labour

(with pictures)


Wikipedia -Ambani grew Reliance Industries through the control of raw materials as well as value-added telecoms




-society recognises the value and use of supply chains, feeds back for empowerment and efficiency.
See Business page and new Development page for how society changes with new production methods and technology.
See Computing section on Development page for how technology continues to link the world.


ALIENATION VS. POTENTIAL

SEE AFRICAN MENTALITY SECTION -traditions alienate, divide and prevent progress

SEE CHINA SECTION ON AFRICA PAGE

ALIENATION

POTENTIAL
RWANDA STRADDLES THE DIVIDE -A COUNTRY ON THE MOVE
Then
(left) 800,000 dead, rampant violence sparked by inter-ethic feuding, and international corruption by nations which chose to not intervene, all contributed to the Rwandan atrocity

SEE RWANDA OVERVIEW BELOW
Now

SEE RWANDA'S CASE EXAMPLE ON DEVELOPMENT PAGE

August 2010
'Sexual violence used as a weapon'
-DRC rapes by Rwandan rebel soldiers show underlying
attitudes contradict Africa's progress, potential

UGANDA
17th August 2010
MP accuses soldiers of torture in ongoing cattle dispute (BBC)

TANZANIA
17th August 2010
Kenyan accused of trafficking Tanzanian albino (BBC)

MADAGASCAR
April 2010
'The curse of twins'
-Madagascar violence used shows inbred superstitions; alienation and ignorance (France 24 video)

CHINA
Chinese overbearing, can dominate/destroy local markets, employ their own rather than Africans -but still needed (2007)

African workers feel alienated by Chinese
-Consultancy.com
...Africans seen as less educated, disciplined in China
(Suite101.com)

SEE CHINA-AFRICA BLOG -'THE REAL STORY'
INDIANS IN ETHIOPIA
February 2011
http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/31609
Ethiopia uses Indian expertise to develop its own land -poverty and potential working together for mutual benefit (MSN)
SEE INDIA SECTION ON BUSINESS PAGE

THE AFRICAN CHALLENGERS
June 2010
Boston Consulting Group points out the 'African Lions', showing vitality and potential equalling the BRIC nations
(PDF download on site)

AFRICA ON THE MOVE
June 2010
McKinsey report (PDF download on site) talks about the new US$1.6 trillion African economy -global links, FDI, the growing power of the African consumer

CHINA
2nd October 2010
China Now In Brazil
'Land Grab' spreads to Oil and Gas company, US$7bn total worth

KENYA -AGRICULTURE
11th August 2010
"Kenya wants to draw lessons from China which has limited arable land yet is able to feed her 1.3 billion inhabitants"
Kenyan vice-president on the need to modernise agriculture through skills and added value with Chinese partners

DRC-CHINA
Also see DRC-China mining contract, 2008
-"a vast Marshall plan for the reconstruction of our country's basic infrastructure"

AFRICA -THE LAST ECONOMIC FRONTIER (Zimbabwe Independent)

See Africa page for links and analysis

See Kenyan Resurgence below,
Agriculture section on Africa page
China in Africa -Africa page

Reaction To Resources Produces Added Value For Trade
China-Taiwan Trade Deal Is Signed, Agreed (BBC)
  • (right) Mutual Recognition of Economic Abilities
  • Trade Produces Provable Results -bilateral relationship = £73bn (annual)
  • REACTION TO STRIFE FROM ITS NEIGHBOUR PRODUCED THE INCENTIVE FOR TAIWAN TO GROW FROM NOTHING
  • SEE DEVELOPMENT PAGE FOR ANALYSIS


CORRUPTION

See Corruption section, Africa page
/Transparency section, Development page

NEW APRIL 2011
(below right) John Githongo, Kenyan anti-corruption campaigner, exposes election misdeeds
See John's profile on Development page

Africa page -corruption overview

How Ocampo brought corruption to the fore in elections
-tribal friction...

...Kenya Daily Nation
-cynicism, tribal hostilities
come to the surface


22nd September 2010
CORRUPTION REARS ITS UGLY HEAD -AGAIN
John Githongo article in 'Foreign Policy' on Afghanistan and its transparency challenges -Corrupt Democracy (interview)

NIGERIA
August 2010
Nigeria Stock Exchange fires executives -mismanagement blamed, eroding confidence for foreign investors
Wall Street Journal
Financial Times (blog)

(right) Nigeria's electricity woes expose poor vision, bad planning, corruption
BBC report by native Nigerian

 SEE RESOURCES OVERVIEW ON AFRICA PAGE


LIBERIA
August 2010
NAOMI CAMPBELL TESTIFIES -THE DIAMOND TRAIL CONTINUES

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news
/world-africa-10908436

Conflicting testimony...

...murky charity connections...

...against a backdrop of unbelievable suffering
SEE BBC BLOG
See Liberia Corruption Link, Development Page

INDIA
23rd September 2010
India Runs Into Trouble Over Commonwealth Games Fiasco
-cost overruns, corruption, faulty construction, 'unliveable' accommodation (BBC)

BRAZIL
Lack of transparency in Brazilian business hurts natives, discourages foreign investors
SEE BUSINESS PAGE FOR THE RISE OF THE BRIC COUNTRIES -BRAZIL, RUSSIA, INDIA, CHINA

US CORRUPTION
How Hurricane Katrina fuelled native overspending, corruption locally; everyone from waiters, fishermen to contractors part of the $16 billion bill

'The Spillionaires' -the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, USA
Corruption, feeding frenzy (Calgary Herald)

Mentally Ill, Prisoners Tested With Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Guatemala 1946-48


CHINA

See FDI section on
Africa page for
'The China Phenomenon'

31st July 2010
China (January 2010) supplants US as world's no.1 car market, wants to export to US (MSN report), making Americans restless

30th July 2010
'China world's second biggest economy'
-Yi Gang, People's Bank of China deputy governor


29th July 2010
Chinese Workers Want More -this is a GOOD THING (Economist)

Chinese workers spend more and reinvest in local economies SEE DEVELOPMENT PAGE FOR EXAMPLES

TECHNOLOGY
Technology And Its Consequences on
Africa page

January 2011
2 Billion Internet Users -One Third Of Earth Now Online

July 2010
 'Technology Accelerates Change'
-E-learning Consortium visits Rwanda,
 introduces One Laptop Per Child Programme


23 July 2010
$35 COMPUTER (INDIA) -SEE CNN VIDEO and SITE
 
1
I have been concerned with the state of Africa and its economic plight ever since the devastating Ethiopian famine of 1984/5, and the birth of the charity movement Band Aid/Live Aid/Sport Aid.
Over the last several years it has seemed that one key cause of this ongoing malaise is the manner of Africa's assertion of its own history by subsisting, as opposed to the creation of systems and economies which will foster more independence and status.

Causes of Ethiopian 1984/5 famine were political
(BBC report)
Legacy of famine (BBC)
Live8, 2005 addressed an extraordinary legacy for Western aid for Africa -but 25 years after Band Aid, sub-Saharan Africa was worse off in real terms

This mechanism is commonly referred to as 'Westernisation' -but geography plays no part in finding the right answer to the issues of poverty, starvation and conflict.
The 'right answer' works because of Western struggles to find them, and Africans for a large part of their history have played no role in this struggle -whether or not they have had contacts with the outside world.

Africa's future lies in using foreign funds, skills and relationships to themselves exploit the suffering of the West in finding these answers -for the purpose of Africa's own destiny with their own formidable natural resources, thereby bypassing centuries of investigation and exploration to satisfy this vision.

2
THE AFRICAN MALAISE

Magazine cover, 1992
The Roots of Poverty
Overview
Financial Times Press

'African Century' has been a failure

Does Investment Alleviate Poverty
NY Times

Africa summarised -colonialism, poverty,
AIDS, corruption, educational levels (BBC Radio interview)


Under-development, not war or colonialism, are the roots of poverty -see Africa and Business pages

Development matters -empowering citizens and linking to the world

Some historical African characteristics-
malnutrition and famine, disease epidemics and primitive trade structures -can all be addressed by legitimate development involving transparent investment and a desire to sell to the world



South Korea economic history is a story of single-minded focus on work ethic, technology and competition -educational achievement is seen as a need and a right
SEE KOREA SECTION ON BUSINESS PAGE; also Asia Business data section


Korean industrial conglomerate Daewoo grew through government intervention

and cooperation, and ruthless determination to enter foreign markets
 

Finland is an expert at diversifying, from wood processing-

Finland economy overview


Finland (see summary on Business page), unusually, did not depend on Foreign Direct Investment (see section on Africa page), but on exploitation of its own formidable natural resources, coupled with a determination to adapt and develop for export markets.


-to the most advanced mobile phones
(featured, new Nokia N8)
-and easily matches the world's best in terms of educational levels (see comparative chart on this site).


ADAPTATION TO ECONOMIC CONDITIONS DEFINES A COUNTRY'S VISION AND STRENGTH.
See Business page for country comparisons
1
Some of Earth's most vibrant economies are lands built through adherence to basic concepts.
All have earned growth through-
  • History of embedded values and traditions
  • Stability within society
  • Reaction to war and/or disruption with a developmental attitude
  • Correct investment which is natively reinvested
  • Creation of export markets
  • Focus on technology and the development of skills
  • Vision for progress, shared by all levels of society
Key national examples of the use of these concepts-
England
Germany
Finland
Ireland
South Korea
Japan
US
China
Malaysia
South Africa

SEE DEVELOPMENT SECTION, Business page for analysis

2
South Africa is the main African nation to have exploited these concepts both in real terms and relative to other countries.
See GDP growth details (PDF)

South African, and ultimately African, growth has depended on its awareness of its own resources and global linking to expose its potential via education and technology use -the only factors that can bring stability and progress.
SEE AFRICA PAGE for analysis

...South Africa recognised even with black leaders after the apartheid era that FDI was essential, and labour laws had to be made more flexible

...but is still hampered by a need to integrate a huge range of ethnic groups, beliefs and separate agendas.

Even in this complex society, the benefits of infrastructural strength prove themselves.
(Cape Town economy overview)

THEN AND NOW   1


GLOBAL GDP FOR SELECTED COUNTRIES, 1960

GDP per capita is steady in South Africa due to the brutally efficient methods of the then apartheid regime (around $US 5000). Education plays little part in black productivity at this time.
THEN AND NOW   2

GLOBAL GDP FOR SELECTED COUNTRIES, 2000

The more productive countries, based on industrialisation and investment, become 'host' countries for those territories that can supply their markets, illustrating an apparent inequality of wealth that is much more due to added value from the correct use of imported resources -the phenomenon of growth needing wealth to succeed.

(South Africa GDP per capita up around 50% during this period in real terms)

SEE BUSINESS PAGE FOR COUNTRY COMPARISONS

FACTORS THAT LINK GDP GROWTH

2008 South Africa race riots against migrant workers
-the pain of development, moving into the modern world



Civil wars in Africa in the post-colonial era have epitomised native greed, the lack of vision for chosen peoples and ethnicities, and the destruction of any kind of added value to resources. Once leaders, even in war, start to realise the futility of conflict, startling changes can be made -in time

Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a pointless war
for years over a symbolic border

Conflict zones, 1999

SUDAN

Sudan epitomises despair and alienation in Africa, ethnic tensions exacerbating extreme poverty with the West used as an excuse and a reason

Over 300000 dead in Darfur, Sudan -so far (left and far left)
ZIMBABWE
Robert Mugabe has overseen the economic destruction of his country, previously 'the breadbasket of Africa', through corruption, hyper-inflation and sponsored election violence; see blog
Also takeover of white farms

The African Mentality


Africans' outlook and lifestyles have historically shown characteristics of simplicity and alienation; the Western way conversely invites progression, innovation and understanding of the world due to-
(a) a desire to produce beyond merely sustenance;
(b) a drive for efficiency which expresses itself in terms of mass production;


(c) a global outlook on the world: the combination of the instinct to explore, innovate and understand.

See-
African Mentality overview, Development Page
Main section, Africa Page
1
AMERICA AND AFRICA -history, destiny and behaviour
Compare with countries list on Business page

The US is the richest and most powerful nation on earth, but also the result of the ruthless exploitation of opportunities and resources -Americans are boundlessly confident due to the history of uninhibited enterprise and sense of achievement via the conquest of land and the 'need' to progress.

CU students, Colorado, USA -independent, empowered, creative
 


Stanford students (California, USA) are recreationally indulgent, the legacy of a 'rich kids' mentality...

...but they can also work miracles like a project to create a usable prosthetic leg for only $20
...and empowering women in science
...and involving themselves in poverty alleviation

Progress economically and sociologically is derivative, from the suffering and labour which settled and built the land, along with a sense of common purpose, and pride in achievement.

In the West
   -work is a priority and the root of long-term planning, ie delayed gratification -a characteristic exclusive to developed economies.
   -morality is key, via contracting and learning -to obey and work towards a common end is 'good'.
The latter is the root of the instinct that gives incentives to invent and make goods that are sold around the world.

See Business page for countries comparisons on growth, including Asian Business section for data on the link between education and productive wealth.

2
AFRICAN BEHAVIOUR AND POVERTY

SEE AFRICAN MENTALITY SECTION ON AFRICA PAGE

In Africa
   -Africans REACT to others' circumstances instead of being self-creating; -refinement and progress occur only through strife and/or the need to emulate a Western lifestyle. Alienation is internal and external with ethnic battles and tensions; systemisation has never been a priority.
UNDERSTANDING THE AFRICAN MENTALITY IS CRITICAL TO AN ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE REGION.

Traditional African Characteristics-

Happy but not empowered -and not seeming to care about it

Low expectations, the 'blame game', ignorance and a lack of vision all combine to not only entrench poverty but also reduce the chances of escaping it.

Ironically, Africans do not suffer enough to OVER-compensate so as to eg create logistical, financial and mass manufacturing systems to maximise efficiency and address future needs.

Indulgence and instant (rather than delayed) gratification, lack of progress, and an appreciation of traditional ways rather than achievement are seen as the key to a better quality of life.
 
WHY THIS SITE WAS ESTABLISHED

Africa is the last area of the world to be developed...despite huge potential for its people and resources.
Colonisation ruined many native societies, but also introduced techniques and awareness of these
-only then did the local populations wake up to their potential.
THE REACTION TO POVERTY AND STRIFE SHOWS THE ORIGINAL INTENT OF ITS PEOPLE TO DEVELOP.


DEVELOPMENT THEN



The British Empire was oppressive and colonialist -but also hugely productive and efficient, empowering the entire planet with its systems and innovations (Business page)

SANITATION

EVOLUTION

DEVELOPMENT AND AFRICAN CHALLENGES NOW
Right, from top, l-r with links- the African Business Club, Harvard University; India-South Africa summit, 2008; acceptance of computers in African business is becoming commonplace; Chinese president Hu Jintao speaks at Asian-African summit, 2005; traditional farming  methods come under scrutiny when it clashes with the needed for the focus on efficiency and trade infrastructure.

BELOW LEFT, African logistics and efficiency are amongst the biggest challenges facing importers and exporters -see Logistics section, Africa page

BELOW RIGHT, the new East African Federation (flag shown) plans to unite the economies of 5 countries in the region with a possible merging to create a single state


World Bank -'How to Boost Africa's Exports'

East African Community -Wikipedia


AllAfrica.com -November 2009, EAC pact signed

Africa Business Conference 2008

Africa works with new partners (2008)

AU head urges domestic private/public partnerships to realise NEPAD goals (2004)

Hu Jintao urges Asian-African partnership (2005)

Text of 2005 speech

African traditions disappearing (commentary, with links)

Traditions block agricultural development (commentary, development policy site)

SEE AGRICULTURE SECTION ON AFRICA PAGE

Reacting to poverty and strife involves having a vision of a stable future. It takes a huge struggle and determination to address
entrenched hostilities, technical considerations involving logistics and planning, and a desire to inspire peoples with the same
values that have built the West, and learning why overwhelmingly progress is due to a shared vision


 RWANDA

THEN
The 1994 Rwanda genocide was caused by infighting and an attitude of total annihilation of opposing forces and peoples -instead of addressing the reasons for poverty on both sides


US REFUSED TO INTERVENE IN ATROCITIES
(2006 blog)

Superior overview (2004) of the atrocities including specialists, Kofi Annan



NOW
Modern African leaders recognise the direct potential of legitimate investment, productivity and the benefit afforded by correct use of native resources -eg Rwanda

March 2011
(below) Paul Kagame talks about added value for the native African economy, the attractiveness of foreign investment, the phenomenon of a newly-empowered urban population, and the need and priority to emphasise health, education and science for his people (Youtube link)

SEE PAUL KAGAME CHANNEL ON YOUTUBE

May 2010
Rwanda recognised as an attractive business destination, noting the benefits of trade and transparency

Rwanda's GDP growth is healthy due to reinvestment in basic commodities, finance and infrastructure

SEE RWANDA CASE STUDY ON NEW DEVELOPMENT PAGE

(below) www.paulkagame.com

Civil wars in Africa in the post-colonial era have epitomised native greed, the lack of vision for chosen peoples and ethnicities, and the destruction of any kind of added value to resources. Once leaders, even in war, start to realise the futility of conflict, startling changes can be made -in time

GHANA, present day

Former leader Jerry Rawlings helped to stabilise his country in the post-colonial period

(2009 development meeting)
ANGOLA, present day

Government and UNITA rebels sign the historic agreement, 2002, ending decades of hostilities and bloodshed and enabling its startling rise in oil wealth

 KENYA'S RESURGENCE
THEN

Maasai women, a traditional African lifestyle focussed on customs rather than development and money

NOW
Kenya has transformed itself from a land originally dependent on agriculture to the major economy in East Africa -but corruption and income disparity are ever-present (modern Nairobi above right, the notorious Kibera slum and 2007 election riots below left and right)
Kenya 2030 vision government overview

SEE ALSO HEADLINES ON AFRICA PAGE

See blog on this and other political issues in Africa

Kenya election violence, 2007

THEN

See Africa and Business pages for development/agriculture issues

Kenya is moving ahead in IT -but farming and traditional aspects of the economy are barriers

Kenyan blog on development prospects and issues (2007)
NOW

Safaricom mobile telecoms headquarters
Kenya issues Review/data (PDF)
 Kenya economic overviews -1
-2 (sugar industry/barriers)(2007)
 
SECTIONS AND PAGES ON THIS SITE


AFRICAN ISSUES

 
MONEY AND BUSINESS
SEE AFRICA PAGE, BUSINESS PAGE

The West is not rich due to plunder or slavery -wealth is created through the development of saleable products which get sold to, and stimulate, external markets; consumers globally realise the value of items which enrich their lives, and change their behaviour to afford these.
In this way Westernisation is seen as an acceptable evil -we all become part of an interdependent supply chain.

Natural resources in sub-Saharan Africa are far more a proportion of national GDP than for other regions

China's skyrocketing trade with the rest of the world has emphasised mutual interdependence and the potential that can arise once natural resources' added value is realised

Bad logistics contribute hugely to the difficulty of doing business in SSA

Endemic corruption and the failure to address the need to pay bribes just to live in some regions like (above) Nigeria and the DRC in the 1990s has massively discouraged foreign investment and meant huge inefficiency in the business mechanism

FAMINE/AGRICULTURE

Agricultural dependence means that there is less incentive to work land and find new methods that pertain to particular land areas.

HEALTH AND DISEASE

Medical conditions are blamed on a combination of acceptance and local superstition with little or no attention paid to prevention and tested scientific methods -where medicines and correct behaviour for future prevention will in turn test local customs and lifestyles.
(left-right) African health care has historically been traditional and primitive at best -new methods and technology means far higher life expectancies, but with the attendant costs and responsibilities

TECHNOLOGY

Telecommunications and computing are shrinking this world -ICT both empowers and exposes African potential and business failures.
 
(left-right) Mo Ibrahim, African (British-educated) telecoms billionaire; Kigali, Rwanda features Wi-Fi as part of its mission to turn the nation into a major digital hub for the region

DONATION PROJECT

WHY CHARITY DOES NOT WORK

Western governments have supplied upwards of $1 trillion in grants and aid to help sub-Saharan Africa since World War II, with little to show. This is due to endemic mismanagement and corruption -a complete lack of vision and commitment.
Giving (for its own sake) reduces the incentive to work and encourages the same semblance of entitlement and dependence which caused various ongoing conditions in developing regions -whether African or elsewhere.

This section describes the failure of a project originally envisaged to empower poor African runners with donated computers, a demographic whose qualities eventually showed themselves in the desire to run regardless of wealth, virtually at the expense of the growth of the one usable resource they could supply to the world -education and skills.



CHARITY IS A WASTE

Donation failures (this site)
African attitudes (this site)
Dambisa Moyo (right) writes on 'Dead Aid' -see Oxford Times,
Corruption section on Africa page and Transparency section on new Development page

(right) Irish computer donation charity Camara has recycled over 20,000 used computers for use in SSA -but the (all but) free cost, Linux interface and history of charity abuse in this region show that computers were invented as a reflection of the need to industrialise and progress, NOT as here a more convenient tool for classrooms and Internet cafes.
PCs are donated not sold, thereby reducing the incentive for the establishment of that industry in the region.

BUSINESS

 
BUSINESS PAGE

Certain countries' histories are looked at to discover the common factors behind progress and international trade -often based on a government-promoted vision.

(l.-r.) certain nations have transformed themselves through the right vision, especially with a focus on technology and foreign direct investment, Singapore and Malaysia being strong examples


DEVELOPMENT

 
DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS

Certain emerging economies have correctly used the idea of key concepts -educational standards, foreign investment (FDI) and technology -to transform their countries in terms of infrastructure, outlook and empowerment both as producers and workers with flexible and marketable skills.

(l.-r.) China which has grown almost entirely through foreign trade (but now where domestic workers have formidable buying power) shows the way in making the most of other 'developing' nations' resources